As Pope Francis has declared during his Christmas speech, ‘Urbi et Orbi, he has promoted the idea of a two state solution in the Middle East. The Vatican having previously recognising Palestine as a state. This comes in response to the President of the United States Donald Trump recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, moving the US embassy there also. Trump stating that it is ‘Obvious’ Jerusalem is Israel’s capital. Completely going against decades of US foreign policy, angering many leading politicians such as Theresa May who see it as regressing for a two state solution rather than a step forward. Donald Trump has gone on to threaten US aid recipients if they fail to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Only furthering undermining Palestinians and Palestine being it’s own state. A two state solution looks further than it ever has before with Trumps words. As Rasa Aslan declares, ‘Their is no peace process, and their is no state solution’. Trump has only confirmed this with his recent actions.
The reaction to Trumps speech has created much needed hope in still creating a two state solution, but it still looks far away as the strongest country in the world is backing Israel. The outcry have greatly came from Palestine for obvious reasons, as they still want their capital to be in Jerusalem. Hamas calling on Palestinians to unite and protest the US recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Hamas feeling like Trump has crossed a ‘red line’ which he arguably has as no other president has went out openly declared Jerusalem to be Israel’s capital. Mahmoud Abbas, the president of Palestine, condemning the move and is pushing for the US to not be the top peace keeper of negotiations. Furthermore, Trumps actions have angered the Islamic governments of Turkey, Jordan,, Syria and Iran, taking the side of Palestinians who believe there capital should be in East Jerusalem. Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei stated: “It is out of despair and debility that they want to declare Jerusalem as capital of the Zionist regime [Israel]. On the issue of Palestine, their hands are tied and they can’t achieve their goals”. This speech seemingly giving up on Palestine ever achieving a two state solution. Although, Iran have said the two state solution looks unlikely, Jordan and Syria leaders, have held hope, saying their will be repercussions for the USA actions. Despite all this, Israelis have embraced the US’s ruling and having named a station after Trump in his honour.
The idea of two state solution is over in my eyes as Palestine are not tall enough to box with God. Through Israel’s illegal settlements and continuing population, Palestine is slowly deteriorating, holding onto Gaza which no one really wants and other various land. At this point in time, a preferred solution would be a one state solution but that does not come without complications also. The US would have to recognise Palestinian people,, and push for peace talks in which Jerusalem can be the shared capital of one state. Sharing the Old city and the Holy places that surround them.